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Sts. Francis de Sales and John Bosco

Sts. Francis de Sales and John Bosco by Br. Mickey McGrath, OSFS

Artist Narrative:

The Salesians are a family of men and women founded by a Catholic priest, Fr. John Bosco. He began his work in Turin, Italy, in the mid-1800s by gathering poor boys and young men that had no place to live and little education. He established a place called an oratory where these young people could gather and call their home.

From among the young men at the oratory, he founded a religious congregation, the Salesian Society, which consisted of priests and brothers. It was named after St. Francis de Sales who was known for his kindness and simple spirituality.

Don Bosco died in 1888 and was canonized a saint in 1934. Since then his Salesian Society has been known as the Salesians of Don Bosco.

St. John's feast day is January 31.

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The Salesians of Don Bosco (or the Salesian Society, officially named the Society of St. Francis de Sales) is a Roman Catholic religious institute founded in the late nineteenth century by Saint John Bosco to help poor children during the Industrial Revolution. The Salesians' charter describes the society's mission as "the Christian perfection of its associates obtained by the exercise of spiritual and corporal works of charity towards the young, especially the poor, and the education of boys to the priesthood". The institute is named after Francis de Sales, an early-modern bishop from Geneva.

St. Francis of Sales was born in the Savoy region of France in 1567. He studied philosophy and theology in Paris and earned a degree in civil and ecclesiastical law at Padua. After his priestly ordination, he offered his services to the bishop as a missionary to bring the Calvinists of the Chablais region back to the Catholic faith. He was made bishop of Geneva, though he had to reside at Annecy, and was zealous in preaching and putting into effect the reforms of the Council of Trent. Together with St. Jane de Chantal, he founded and directed the Order of the Visitation.

Endowed with a noble, penetrating spirit and well versed in learned humanism, he was an excellent spiritual director. In writing the Introduction to the Devout Life, he opened up the paths of sanctity and asceticism to everyoneby showing that the essence of the spiritual life lies in the love of God. In his Treatise of the Love of God, he developed this thought into a simple spirituality which could be called an “incarnational” spirituality, finding God in the daily ordinary things of every day, and serving God alone even in the smallest, most mundane tasks we must perform.

This ability to bring God into daily life that attracted Don Bosco to his spirituality. Don Bosco was also impressed with St. Francis de Sales' tireless efforts to spread an understanding of the Catholic faith, reading that Francis had even stayed up late at night writing multiple copies of papers to explain the teachings of the Catholic Church.; He then went house to house, placing these tracts under the doors of the people in his diocese. Don Bosco took inspiration from St. Francis of Sales’s apostolate, from his kindly goodness, from his humanity and wanted him as the patron of the Salesian Society. Don Bosco desired that his Salesians would use this same gentleness in dealing with young people.

St. Francis de Sales died in Lyons on December 28, 1622. His feast day on January 24th marks the anniversary of the transfer of his remains to Annecy on January 24, 1623. St. Francis de Sales was canonized in 1665 and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1877; he was declared the patron of Catholic journalists and writers in 1923.